Construction Skills Site Safety Plus

Site Supervisors' Safety Training Scheme

Day 1

Time Subject Syllabus References
08:30 1.0 Course administration Registration and domestics in accordance with venue requirements
08:45 2.0 Course introduction
2.1 Aims and objectives
  • Introduce GE 706 ‘Site Safety Simplified’.
  • To Understand:
  • The problems of the industry: accident record, itinerent workforce
  • The structure of health and safety law.
  • How the supervisory role fits in within the site management structure
GE 706 vi-v11
2.2 The role of the supervisor
  • Exercise: pairs of delegates produce a short list of the things a supervisor does on site.
  • Exercise conclusion to include the following supervisory key functions:
  • leading by example
  • communicationg the safety message
  • ensuring the safety and welfare of people on site
  • inputting ideas in to risk assessment and controls
  • undertaking inspections
  • maintaining records
GE 706 vi-v11
10:30 3.0 Health and safety law

3.1 Health and safety law

  • Main areas of law:
  • Criminal
  • Civil
  • Explanation of:
  • acts
  • regulations
  • approved codes of practice
  • guidance – HSE/industry
GE 706 Chapter 1
Time Subject Syllabus References
3.2 Health and safety at Work etc. Act
  • Sections 2 to 4 and 6 to 9
L1 to HASWA
3.3 Health and safety enforcement
  • Criminal law, court powers (fines and/or custodial sentances).
  • Power of inspectors
  • Improvement notice
  • Prohibition notice.
GE 706 Chapter 1
11:15 4.0 Safe systems of work

4.1 Hazard idntification

  • Definition of a hazard: anything with the potential to cause harm, associated with:
  • articles
  • substances
  • plant or machines
  • working environment
  • other aspects of work organisation
  • Hazards: four main groups:
  • 1. PHYSICAL:
  • slips, trips and falls
  • fire
  • tools, machines and equipment
  • electricity
  • noise
  • 2. BIOLOGICAL:
  • micro-organisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi)
  • insects (mites, parasites)
  • human and animal waste
  • sharps (needles, scalpels)
  • 3. CHEMICAL
  • liquids (paints, solvents, oil, etc.)
  • dust and fibres
  • gases and vapours
  • 4. ERGONOMIC
GE 706 Chapter 2
Time Subject Syllabus References
4.2 Risk assessment Definition of risk: The likliehood of a hazard causing harm and the nature and extent of the resulting harm.

HSE Five Steps to Risk Assessment

1. Identify the hazards: something with the potential to cause harm:

  • physical
  • chemical
  • biological
  • ergonomic

2. Establish who can be harmed and how groups and individuals:

  • employees
  • visitors
  • members of the public
  • lone workers
  • young people

3. Evaluate the risks: consider control measures already in place. Are we doing enough to prevent harm? Do we need to do more? What is the:

  • likelihood?
  • severity?

4. Record your findings:

  • Recording required only if you employ five or more employees.
  • Significant findings (hazards and conclusions).
  • Suitable and sufficient

5. Review and revise

  • Ensure it remains valid and effective
  • Must consider changes to workplace, people, equipment, systems etc.
GE 706 Chapter 3
Time Subject Syllabus References
Hierarchy of risk controls. Controlling risks by:

  • elimination/substitution
  • reduction/control of source
  • isolation (barriers/removal)
  • containment (engineering controls)
  • procedures, systems and training
  • personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • adoption of a safe method
4.3 Method statement
  • What is it?
  • How can it be communicated?
  • Contents
  • Critical elements
  • Who?
  • What?
  • Why?
  • Where?
  • When?
  • How?
GE 706 Chapter 3
4.4 Principles of prevention
  • Avoid risks
  • Evaluate risks which cannot be avoided
  • Combat risks at source
  • Adapt work to the individual
  • Adapt work to technical progress
  • Replace dangerous with non-dangerous
  • Coherent prevention policy
  • Collective measures
  • Appropriate instruction
GE706 Chapter 3
4.5 Special considerations
  • What categories of persons are deemed as special cases when preparing risk assessments? e.g. Young Persons.
  • What are the considerations? e.g. enhanced supervison
GE706 Chapter 3
Time Subject Syllabus References
12.00 5.0 Health and safety management

5.1 Safety policies

HSG65 Succesful health and safety management

  • Main elements:
  • POLICY
  • organising
  • planning and implementing
  • measuring performance
  • review and audit
  • Health and safety policy – why?
  • allows top management to demonstrate commitment
  • Sets aims and objectives on how health and safety will be managed
  • legal requirement (Health and safety at work etc. act 1974)
  • Contents of health and safety policy:
  • statement of intent: aims and objectives, resources
  • organisation: responsibilities
  • arranements: systems and procedures
HSG65 GE 706 Chapter2
5.2 Measuring performance
  • Measuring performance against:
  • company objectives/KPIs
  • HSE statistics
  • How we measure:
  • visual inspections/audits
  • testing workforce understanding
  • observing tasks being performed
  • measurement records
  • CSCS/CPCS card audits
  • injuries, near-misses, ill health
  • induction records
GE 706 Chapter 2
Time Subject Syllabus References
5.3 Permit systems
  • What is the purpose of a permit system?
  • How does a permit system control work?
  • How can work be monitored and measured using permit systems
GE 706 Chapter 8
12:30 Lunch
13:30 6.0 Occupational health

6.1 Noise

  • Acute effects:
  • acute acoustic trauma
  • temporary threshold shift
  • tinnitus
  • Chronic effects:
  • permananent threshold shift
  • noise induced hearing loss
  • tinnitus
  • Other effects
  • irritability (stress)
  • affects concentration and efficiency
  • causes fatigue and accident proneness
  • masks sounds that people may need to hear
  • Noise at work regulations
  • risk assessment
  • reduction to the risk of hearing damage
  • reduction of noise expossure starting with engineering controls
  • provision and maintenance of hearing protection
  • provision of information and training for employees
  • manufacturers and others to provide ‘noise data’.
GE 706 Chapter 14
Time Subject Syllabus References
  • Control of noise at work regulations 2005
  • Lower exposure action value (80db):
  • carry out noise assessment
  • make hearing protection available
  • provide IIT
  • ensure correct use
  • Upper exposure action value(85db):
  • noise assessment
  • resuce noise at source
  • noise must be reduced ALARP
  • limit employees exposure
  • provide hearing protection
  • designate hearing protection zones
  • employees duty to use control measures
  • IITs
  • Exposure limit value (87db):
  • must not be exposed above this limit
  • noise assessment (can take hearing protection into account)
  • noise must be reduced ALARP
6.2 Vibration
  • Sources of vibration:
  • prolonged use of rotating hand tools used for cutting and grinding etc.
  • percussive hand tools used for chipping, riveting, hammering and drilling etc.
  • hand arm vibration syndrome (HAVS):
  • vibration white finger (VWF)
  • Reynaud’s phenomenon
  • carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Control of Vibration at Work regulations:
  • daily exposure limit value 5.0m.s-2 is maximum allowable exposure
  • daily exposure action value 2.5m.s-2 exposure above this requires assessment
GE 706 Chapter 14
Time Subject Syllabus References
6.3 Asbestos
  • Types:
  • White: chrysotile
  • brown: amosite
  • blue: crocidolite
  • Properties
  • excellent insulator
  • easy to use
  • fire protection
  • applications:
  • Asbestos cement
  • sheeting
  • walls and roofs
  • Asbestos lagging:
  • pipes
  • boilders
  • lofts
  • Sprayed:
  • structural steelwork
  • boilders
  • roofs
  • Asbestos insulation board(AIB):
  • walls
  • partitions
  • ceiling tiles
GE 706 Chapter 14
6.4 Drugs and alcohold
  • Problems associated with drugs and alcohol in a high risk industry
  • Depressants
  • Increased risk?
  • As a supervisor, what action would you take if you knew someone is under the influence of drugs or alcohol
GE 706 Chapter 14
Time Subject Syllabus References
6.5 Dermatitis
  • Dermatitis affects the skin and can produce symptoms that range from uncomfortable to severe health problems
  • Irritant contact dermatitis
  • Sensitising dermatitis
GE 706 Chapter 14
6.6 Asthma
  • Occupational asthma can be contracted through breathing in dusts, fumes, or solvents.
  • It causes irritation in the airways making it difficult to breathe
  • It causes chronic health defects
GE 706 Chapter 14
6.7 Health monitoring
  • Health monitoring can be a very simple check by operatives themselves or more detailed monitoring by a competent person.
  • Health monitoring/surveillance is required by law.
  • MCG Occupational Health Strategy and toolbox talks
GE 706 Chapter 12
14:45 7.0 Fire prevention/control and other emergencies
  • Anatomy of fire:
  • Fuel: something to burn
  • Heat: to ignite the fuel
  • oxygen: to sustain the fire
  • Types of fire:
  • A Freely burning solids, e.g woods
  • B Flammable liquids, e.g petrol
  • C Flammable gases, e.g propane
  • D Flammable metals, e.g. magnesium
  • F Cooking oils and fats
  • Electrical fires are not classified
GE 706 Chapter 12
7.1 Regulatory Reform (Fire Order) 2006
  • Risk assessment
  • Responsible persons
GE 706 Chapter 12
7.2 Fire prevention (Fire Plan)
  • All workplaces have a fire prevention strategy and fire plan
  • Management of highly flammable liquids, gases and explosive atmospheres
GE 706 Chapter 12
Time Subject Syllabus References
  • Causes of fires:
  • arson
  • faulty electrics
  • misuse of equipment
  • careless handling
  • incorrect fuel storage
  • articles too close to heat source
  • Sources of ignition:
  • cooking appliances
  • electrical appliances
  • smokers
  • matches
  • blowlamps
  • space heaters
  • static electricity
  • friction
7.3 Fire fighting
  • Every workplace must have means of raising the alarm
  • Means of communicating the content of the fire plan
  • means for fighting the fire
  • safe means of escape
GE 706 Chapter 12
7.4 Raising the alarm and escape
  • What options are available for raising the alarm on a construction site?
  • what makes a means of escape suitable
GE 706 Chapter 12
7.5 Other emergencies
  • ¬†Emergencies associated with client’s undertaking e.g chemical spill or bomb warning
GE 706 Chapter 15
15:30 8.0 Hazardous substances (COSHH)
  • COSHH
  • Five principles
  • The assessment of health risk
  • The control of exposure
  • Monitoring of employee exposure
  • Health surveillance
  • Information, instruction and training
Time Subject Syllabus References
  • Hierarchy of COSHH assessment:
  • eliminate
  • substitute
  • local exhaust ventilation system
  • screening off
  • reduce number of personnel
  • reduce time of exposure
  • PPE
  • COSHH symbols:
  • toxic or very toxic
  • harmful
  • corrosive
  • irritant
  • Harmful substances:
  • Mineral oils(diesel):
  • dermatitis
  • oil acne
  • cancer
  • Chemicals (alkalis and chromates):
  • dermatitis
  • chrome ulceration
  • Cement and lime
  • chronic dermatitis
  • Solvents and degreasers
  • dissolve natural oils
  • attack by bacteria
Time Subject Syllabus References
  • Protecting the worker:
  • Use control measures
  • Use protective clothing and equipment:
  • must be in good condition and cleaned regularly
  • overalls, gloves, hardhats, goggles/glasses
  • Use barrier cream
  • proper application, limited protection
  • Use welfare facilitites
  • Personal hygiene, soap and water.
16:00 9.0 Group exercise

Risk assessment & method statements

Conduct a simple case study to demonstrate the principals and content involved in the development of method statements associated with site-specific risk assessment.
16:45 10.00 Presentation skills

Delivering effective toolbox tasks

  • Preparation:
  • Think about what preparation is required before the talk.
  • Consider effective training aids you could use to enhance the talk.
  • Reason for giving the talk:
  • Target all on site who would benefit from the training.
  • Get the attention of operatives as quickly as possible, be enthusiastic and give a reason that will personally affect the audience.
  • Enhance your intention; make the audience more attentive by telling a dramatic story related to the subject.
  • Formalise your talk by delivering in stages
  • Decide on the key points that you wish to talk about.
Time Subject Syllabus References
  • Delivery of the talk; your attitude is important, so apply the following to your teaching technique:
  • Be positive: Know your subject
  • Be firm: get the message across; don’t get side-tracked.
  • Be confident: look at people; involve them in a two-way conversation.
  • Be serious: health and safety is a serious subject so your overall approach should be professional serious
  • Questioning technique
  • ask the question
  • pause to give people time to think
  • nominate who you want to answer
  • confirm by further nomination
  • Conclusion:
  • Allow yourself time to read through the relevant talk and decide which points are relevant for the operatives at your workplace.
  • A good beginning and a good end are important
  • Confirm by question and answer technique
  • Don’t assume that you have all the knowledge on the subject
  • Don’t be tempted to read all the information from the talk – choose stages which are relevant to your site.
17:30 End of Day One
Time Subject Syllabus References
08:30 11.0 CDM

11.1 Notification

  • Arrangements of the Regulations, parts 1 to 5
  • Notification
L144 CDM ACop

GE 706 Chapter 6

11.2 Dutyholders
  • Role of the client
  • Role of the designer
  • Role of the contractor
  • Role of the principal contractor
  • Role of the co-ordinator
ConstructionSkills industry guidance for each duty holder: CDM 07/01 to 07/05 inclusive

GE 706

Chapter 6

11.3 Competence Competence relating to the duty holder roles
11.4 Part 4
  • Part 4: Duties relating to health and safety on construction sites:
  • Equivalent to the CHSW Regulations
  • Applies to all construction sites
  • Duties on every contractor and every other person who controls construction work
  • Duties
  • R25 Every Contractor or Principal Contractor must comply with Part 4
  • Every person who controls the way construction is done must comply.
  • Every person who works in construction has duties
  • R26 Safe place of wokr
  • R27 Good order / Security
  • R28 Stability of structures
  • R33 Reports of inspections (Refer also to Schedule 3)
  • R34 Energy distribution
  • R36 Traffic routes
row # 56;
column # 4
Time Subject Syllabus References
  • R37 Vehicles
  • R38 Prevention of risk from fire etc.
  • R39 Emergency procedures
  • R40 Emergency routes and exits
  • R41 Fire detection/fighting
  • R42 Fresh air
  • R43 Temperature and weather protection
  • R44 Lighting
11.5 Welfare Summarise requirements of Schedule 2 regarding welfare arrangements GE 706 Chapter 13
10:00 12.0 Working at height

12.1 legislation (WAH regs)

  • Work at Height Regulations
  • Definitions
  • Organisation and planning
  • Hierarchy of control
  • Avoidance of risk
  • Risk assessment
  • Hazards
  • Work equipment selection
  • Work equipment requirements:
  • Guard-rails, toe-boards, barriers
  • Working platforms
  • Scaffold
  • Mobile towers
  • Ladders
  • Stepladders
  • Soft landing systems, nets, airbags etc.
  • Competence
GE 706

Chapter 5

Time Subject Syllabus References
11:30 13.0 Personal protective equipment
  • Definition of PPE
  • Maintenance
  • Compatibility
  • Suitability
  • Information, instruction and training
  • Explain importance of provision of a demonstrable method of recognising supervisors on site e.g. distinctive coloured helmet or vest.
GE 706

Chapter 16

12:00 14.0 Manual handling
  • Definition of manual handling?
  • Manual handling operations regulations
  • Avoid manual handling
  • Assess operations
  • Manual Handling assessment
  • Task
  • Individual
  • Load
  • Environment
  • Information and training
GE 706

Chapter 17

12:30 15.0 Accidents and first aid

15.1 Definition of accidents

  • Definition and common causes of accidents
  • RIDDOR notification and reporting requirements for:
  • death
  • over three-day injury
  • dangerous occurrence
  • major specified injury
  • notifiable diseases
GE 706

Chapter 4

15.2 First Aid Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981.
15.3 Data Protection Discuss application of Data Protection Act to accident reports/book entries
13:00 Lunch
Time Subject Syllabus References
14:00 16.0 Intervention skills and behaviour Discuss the principles of achieving good behaviours and demonstrateing leadership on construction sites.

Show and discuss the ConstructionSkills DVD ‘Shattered Lives’ (DVD070).

  • Behavioural issues:
  • Habits
  • Building positive habits
  • repeated exposure
  • repitition and unconcious competence
  • safety reminders
  • motivation
  • ABC
  • Antecedents (20% effective)
  • Behaviour
  • Consequences (80% effective)
  • Visual messages
  • Lead by example
  • First impressions
  • 65% visual
  • 25% auditory
  • 10% kinaesthetic
  • Repeat positive visual messages
  • Verbal and non-verbal communication
  • 7% words
  • 38% tonality
  • 55% body language
  • Trance states
  • Alpha sleep
  • Automatic pilot
  • Time v risk
  • Choosing risk is most popular
Time Subject Syllabus References
16.2 Intervention skills
  • Don’t walk by/consequences
  • Reasons: social, moral, legal
  • Worker engagement and involvement
  • Be aware of personal drivers along with worker’s personal drivers: how this affects others.
  • Positive/confident attitude – be firm, be confident, be serious.
  • Discipline
15:00 17.0 Intervention skills exercise Group flipchart work on typical/common instances on site and the thought process behind persuading individuals to think about the potential consequences when not acted upon.
15.45 18.0 Examination Multiple choice test
16.15 19.0 Course review/closure
16.30 End of day two

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